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Torre Angioina Colletorto molise

Torre Angioina Colletorto

Molise

The Angioina Tower was built during the reign of Giovanna I d'Angio' probably on a Norman preesitente plant. E'a circular plant, of strong mass, high 25 meters. The boundaries introduce to crown, in high, a series of beccatelli and battlements. It dominates on the valley of the S.Maria valley and the valley of the Fortore. We don't know the precise year in which such work was realized, but, since Giovanna I reigned from 1343 to 1382, the year of its edification is to make to go back around to 1369.
Castello Pignatelli di Monteroduni molise

Castello Pignatelli di Monteroduni

Molise

The Pignatelli castle, with its beautiful crenellated towers, dominates the Volturno plain on the Isernia-Venafro road. In the past it was a key point of entry into the "Contado del Molise" as a lookout on the Via Latina. A first settlement nucleus, in the places where today the castle rises, dates back to the Samnite age. The origins of the castle-fortress instead date back to the Lombard period, when the population was forced to retreat to face the violent Saracen raids. It was with the Norman domination, however, that the castle, for purely military needs, was enlarged compared to the original Lombard structure and strengthened with the erection of walls, which also included some homes. In 1193 the entire country paid dearly for its deployment against the Emperor Henry VI in favor of the Norman Tancredi.
Torre Costiera di Petacciato molise

Torre Costiera di Petacciato

Molise

The Coastal Tower of Petacciato rises along the State Road that runs along the Adriatic Sea (SS 16), towards the side of the coast, at the same level of the road and at about 7 meters above sea level. Situated at the foot of the homonymous Marina di Petacciato, this tower is the last tower of a defensive system against the Turks, the twenty-fifth according to the numbering given by Gambacorta. It communicated to the north with the Trigno Tower, 6-8 km away and to the south with the Sinarca Tower, 6.5 km away. Wanted by Charles V in the XVI century, the tower is located in a privileged position and it is the result of precise strategic choices. In fact, all the towers had to have the view on all four sides and to be in visual connection with each other and with the villages behind.
Ruderi Castello di Pesche molise

Ruderi Castello di Pesche

Molise

Like all the castle structures, also the one of Pesche, now reduced to the state of ruins, presents shreds of architectural elements that reveal a series of changes and adaptations occurred over time and that are not easily identifiable in their temporal location. In the highest part of the inhabited area, taking advantage of the natural conformation of the rock that presents a steep descent on the western side and a less steep degradation on the opposite side, remain the signs of an apical structure that, taking up the form of an irregular pentagon, should correspond to a donjon.
Castello Angioino di Roccapipirozzi molise

Castello Angioino di Roccapipirozzi

Molise

Roccapipirozzi is a hamlet of Sesto Campano and its fortress is located on the top of a hill around which the medieval village winds. During the Longobard domination the feud was owned by the counties of the Duchy of Benevento and then passed under Norman rule. At the beginning of 1300 the feud was assigned to Andrea and Nicola Rampini to whom succeeded the family of Ratta of Spanish origin hosted by the bride of Roberto d'Angiò. During this period were added to the fortress elements that better fortify it, think of the circular tower and the opening of the entrance, raised above the floor of the outer entrance.
Torre di Santa Croce di Magliano molise

Torre di Santa Croce di Magliano

Molise

Of the Castle of Magliano, attested in documents of XII - XIII and probably used until '600, only a tower and some other remains survive. In fact, a few kilometers from Santa Croce, in the district of Magliano, there are the remains of a cylindrical tower with the masonry at the bottom of the slope, a tower that has always been considered the symbol of Santa Croce. It is located on the top of a hill, it is surrounded by a thick vegetation and it is visible from the new road that leads to Rotello.
Castello delle Riporse Longano molise

Castello delle Riporse Longano

Molise

Located at an altitude of 550 m.s.l.m., the settlement is partly destroyed in the elevation, except in the south-eastern part. As far as building materials are concerned, the exclusive use of limestone makes the structure very solid and imposing. Few fragments of terracotta tiles have been found during the topographical survey, moreover it must be considered that in the realization of the roofs often and willingly were also used the limestone shingles, building tradition still preserved today in Molise.
Torre di Morrone del Sannio molise

Torre di Morrone del Sannio

Molise

The dovecote tower is an architectural form, used for the breeding of the pigeons, inside which there were the cells that hosted the birds for their breeding. Often, however, these towers had the double function of dovecote tower and watch tower, however, in general, they had no active defensive function, given their inadequacy to this task, and could only be of help to intimidate the enemy arriving, unable to distinguish, because of the distance, the real nature of the tower. The one in question, perched on a rock overlooking the Biferno river, presumably dates back to the fourteenth century AD.
Castello di Vastogirardi molise

Castello di Vastogirardi

Molise

Its typology brings to mind the castelli-recintos of the Abruzzo-Molise area, the closest example of which, not only geographically, is that of Pesche, where the strut is absent, as in our castle, unlike other examples of the same type. This castle was meant to appear as an authentic citadel in which the functions of government, both civil (the feudal lord's palace) and religious (the parish), are based, thus representing the center of the urban agglomeration.
Castello Ciamarra Torella del Sannio molise

Castello Ciamarra Torella del Sannio

Molise

Placed on the line of the tratturo Lucera - Castel di Sangro, it was attributed by someone the role of fiscal castle, by some other of castle-rags. Specifically, it is located on top of Colle Ciglione, high above the village, where the first Lombard tower was built in the ninth century. In the 13th century it was fortified as a true castle by the Angevins. In the fifteenth century it was enlarged by the Aragonese and then passed to various barons including Ferrante of Aragon, the Francone and Caracciolo, passing later to the family Ciamarra. The castle has the shape of an aristocratic palace with an irregular rectangular plan and brick walls. It has three circular towers with a top decorated with battlements and a cone-shaped hood for the roof and a lower square tower.
Castello di Lupara molise

Castello di Lupara

Molise

The castle dominates the upper part of the town of Lupara, formed according to a spontaneous urban planning defined as winding, because it follows the contours of the hill. The fortified structure (12th century) is articulated through scarped masonry, reinforced cantonals and angular bertesca. A portal to all sixth introduces in a small hanging garden from which it is approached the most ancient environments of the fortification, currently in ruin and lacking in coverage.
Ruderi Castello Duronia molise

Ruderi Castello Duronia

Molise

On the hill of San Tommaso, north of the village, remain ruins of the ancient castle. In ancient times the name of the village was Civitate veteris; in the XVIII century many archaeological discoveries were made attesting the presence, already in ancient times, of a big urban center. In the inhabited center they are evidenced the massive structures of the medieval Castle, with beside the Church of Saint Nicola, realized almost surely in the epoch in which the castle has been built. Also in the inhabited center it is found a Cross in stone whose dating could go back to the century XV, in analogy to that one of Civitanova del Sannio.
Castello di Capua Gambatesa molise

Castello di Capua Gambatesa

Molise

The castle is located on the Serrone hill, in the heart of the historical center of the town. It underwent various transformations over the centuries: from castle-fortress to castle-feudal residence in medieval times, finally, in the sixteenth century, in castle-renaissance palace by the feudal family of Di Capua. It then became baronial-marchesal property, then private, now state property. It looks like a medieval manor transformed into an elegant mansion in the Renaissance. Entering its rooms, one is fascinated by the sixteenth-century frescoes by Donato Decumbertino.
Ruderi Castello Pandone Civita Superiore di Bojano molise

Ruderi Castello Pandone Civita Superiore di Bojano

Molise

Behind the small agglomeration of Boiano, on the Matese mountains, there are the ruins of the most ancient castle of Molise. Nearby were found traits of cyclopean walls that suggest a first fortification sannita reused in later periods. During the reign of Frederick II, the area is the scene of struggles between the representatives of the emperor and Judith, wife of Count Tommaso di Celano. In the Registrum Friderici II is made mention of the Civita: in a document of 19 October 1239 the emperor ordered to demolish the houses built near the fortress and to provide promptly to the maintenance of military structures.
Castello vecchio Fornelli molise

Castello vecchio Fornelli

Molise

The castle of Fornelli is difficult to identify for those who expect to find the typical medieval manor. In this case the castle is a medieval village composed of individual "building cells", or houses and churches, enclosed by the walls. In case of an enemy attack, the moat that surrounded the walls allowed to protect the whole village. In the walls are still visible the seven towers built in the Norman period. The towers are in some cases attached to private homes, two are connected to the marquis palace, while in the central tower opens the main gateway to the village.
Palazzo Ducale Larino molise

Palazzo Ducale Larino

Molise

The Ducal Palace of Larino is the ancient castle built around 1100-1200 by the Norman counts, during the Lombard conquest of the peninsula. According to some scholars in this place stood an external fortification that served as a prison. It was situated near the Porta di Piano (via Cluenzio), that is near the main road axis of the village. Over time it has undergone many changes: from a simple structure passed to be a huge complex. It belonged to several important families of Larino among which Francia, Orsini, Carafa and De Sangro. In 1580 the Francia family bought the castle and it remained in their hands until 1663 when it was sold to the Carafa family. In 1683 the De Sangro family, the last feudal lords of Larino, took possession of the castle and transformed it into a residential palace.
Castello Caldora Carpinone molise

Castello Caldora Carpinone

Molise

Caldora Castle of Carpinone was probably built in the Norman period and from the time of its construction until the end of the thirteenth century the building was enlarged several times and equipped with major fortifications until it became one of the strongholds of Tommaso da Celano. In 1223, according to an edict issued by Frederick II of Swabia, the castle was destroyed by Ruggiero di Pescolanciano. It was then rebuilt during the 14th century by the d'Evoli family and during the 15th century it returned to its ancient splendor thanks to the efforts of Giacomo Caldora.
Torre di Riccia molise

Torre di Riccia

Molise

The circular tower is the only remnant that recalls the importance of the castle of Riccia, now reduced to ruins. It certainly existed in the eleventh century but it was from 1285 with its allocation to Bartholomew of Capua, prothonotary of Charles I of Anjou, who had an important development. It was inhabited in the fourteenth century by Constance of Chiaromonte who, repudiated by the powerful Ladislaus of Durazzo, was given in wife to Andrea di Capua. In the 16th century the Di Capua family further strengthened the structure which was then damaged during the revolution of 1799 and later by the earthquake of 1805.
Palazzo Marchesale di Ripalimosani molise

Palazzo Marchesale di Ripalimosani

Molise

Commonly called Castle, even if the typology of the structure would classify it as a noble palace, the building can be considered, without any doubt, a key witness of the history of Ripese. Built around the year 1000, it was the living quarters of the local lords who succeeded one another over the centuries and it was precisely these passages of different lordships that leave important evidence today about the "life" of the castle.
Gjirokastra Area albania

Gjirokastra Area

Albania

The old town of Gjirokastra is famous for being a well-preserved city of authentic architecture and its fortress overlooking the entire city, the old ...

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